Gallbladder surgery conducted laparoscopically has a risk of the surgeon misidentifying incision points and performing the gallbladder removal on the wrong locations.
Bile duct injuries are also common. This occurs when a bile duct is burned, cut or pinched during the surgery and results in bile not flowing correctly or leaking. This can lead to pain and possibly death, if not treated.
A bile duct injury typically occurs because the doctor cannot see the key parts of these organs clearly. This can happen when the patient’s anatomy is atypical or if there is a lot of swelling, bleeding or scarring.
Another medical error that can happen is if the doctor fails to realize an error or does not remedy the error. If the surgeon could not identify the targeted anatomy on the patient or determined that the laparoscopic surgery was not successful, the surgeon typically should make a larger incision to get a better view of the operation site.